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History 101 Final Exam
1. Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of
the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 15, 1865. He preserved the
Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves in. Lincoln sent
the U.S. Army to protect escaped slaves, encouraged the border states to outlaw slavery, and
pushed through congress. Regarded to most Americans as one of the greatest Americans we have
had. Most don’t know that he was a Whig party member until 1856 he joined the republican
party. Honest Ab as we would come to know him as would insist that the union was worth saving
embody the ideals of self- government that all nations should strive to be.
2. Henry Clay
Leader of the Whig party and five times an unsuccessful presidential candidate, Henry Clay
(1777-1852) played a central role on the stage of national politics for over forty years. Clay was
secretary of states under John Quincy Adams, speaker of the house of representatives longer than
anyone in the 19th century, and the most influential member of the senate during its golden age.
As Speaker of the House in 1812, Clay was one of the ‘War Hawks,’ men who believed that war
with Great Britain was necessary to preserve the overseas markets of American staple producers.
Clay disapproved of slavery as a system; he advocated gradual emancipation and the
resettlement of the freed people in Africa even though he himself had slaves. Clay was called
‘the Great Compromiser’ because he played a major role in formulating the three landmark
sectional compromises of his day: the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Tariff Compromise of
1833, and the Compromise of 1850.
History 101 Final Exam
3. The Dred Scout case
A legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 6, 1857, ruled (7–2) that a slave (Dred
Scott) who had resided in a free state and territory (where slavery was prohibited) was not
thereby entitled to his freedom; that African Americans were not and could never be citizens of
the United States; and that the Missouri Compromise (1820), which had declared free all
territories west of Missouri and north of latitude 36°30′, was unconstitutional.
Dred was held as a slave who was moved to Alabama then to Missouri. Then sold to a John
Emmerson who took him to Wisconsin and took them back to Saint Louis. Dred and his wife