5 pages
Word Count
1387 words
Rockhurst University
Course Code
ethical theory


September 6, 2020
Utilitarianism is an approach to morality by having the overall theory that morality is
concerned with the promotion of the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of
people. This theory believes that an action is morally good if it gives the greatest amount of
happiness, and morally wrong if it does not give the greatest amount of happiness. This theory
also judges people by their actions instead of their intentions when deciding if their action was
morally right or not. When trying to use Utilitarianism it is important to know that it has an
overall good abstract idea that everyone should receive the most amount of happiness possible,
which sounds like a wonderful idea. The problem with this theory is that happiness is not
measurable, so you would never be able to measure out the amount of happiness that is being
given to each person.
The objectors to this theory believe that happiness cannot be the rational purpose of
human life and action because they believe that it is unattainable. It is stated that the first
objections would believe that if peoples over all goal is not to achieve happiness in their life, the
attainment for it cannot be morality. This is because they see happiness as a never-ending supply
that you should always feel. The utilitarian belief is that the over all goal is striving for
happiness, but when reaching for happiness you will never have that unlimited supply of
happiness, but only short experiences of the different types of happiness throughout your
There are two different types of utilitarianism, Act, and rule. Act utilitarianism is right if
and only if it results in as much good as any available alternative. The problem with this is that
we can not calculate which act in the correct one in each case because more often than not, we
must act quickly and spontaneously, so the rules created for this is are of practical importance
such as generally, keep your promises. Rule utilitarianism explains that an act if right if and only
if it is required by a rule that is itself a member of a set of rules whose acceptance would lead to
the greater utilitarianism for society than any available alterative. These approach morality by
having the overall goal of creating happiness for people. These different types of Utilitarianism

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