Accounting for Long-Term Assets
1. A plant asset is tangible; it is used in the production or sale of other assets or services;
and it has a useful life longer than one accounting period.
2. The cost of a plant asset includes all normal and reasonable expenditures necessary to
get the asset in place and ready for its intended use.
3. Land is an asset with an unlimited life and, therefore, is not subject to depreciation.
Land improvements have limited lives and are subject to depreciation.
5. The Accumulated Depreciation—Machinery account is a contra asset account with a
credit balance that cannot be used to buy anything. The balance of the Accumulated
6. The Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System is not generally acceptable for financial
7. The materiality constraint justifies charging low-cost plant asset purchases to expense
because such amounts are unlikely to impact the decisions of financial statement users.
8. Ordinary repairs are made to keep a plant asset in normal, good operating condition, and
9. A company might sell or exchange an asset when it reaches the end of its useful life, or
10. The process of allocating the cost of natural resources to expense over the periods